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In 1808, an event took place in Madrid that inspired Francisco Goya to create a unique masterpiece. In early May, a revolt of patriots broke out in this city against the French occupying Spain. It was crushed by the military forces of Napoleon.
Fighters for independence and freedom of their native country were sentenced to death. After the final victory over France in 1814, the artist depicted by order of the government the moment of this execution on the night of May 3. However, the authorities were not able to praise the work performed. The bold and original way of writing the canvas was probably incomprehensible to the conservative government. But now Goya's “Execution” is a well-known masterpiece in the genre of historical painting.
Too realistic, without embellishment and close to ordinary people painted canvas. In the compositional center is a young rebel in a white shirt and yellow pants; at the dawn of his life, he looks into the eyes of death, looks with horror, but even more with pride. In the hands of the brave Spaniard, stigmata are visible - the artist compares the hero with Christ, who also became an innocent victim of soullessness in the struggle for great moral ideals.
A faceless line of French military servants aiming his guns at him; their souls are not at all felt, like a cruel, thoughtless machine they carry out Napoleon’s order. Shocking is the image of a number of already killed independence fighters: blood on the ground, bodies and clothes. A crowd of people going to be shot - with drooping heads, they close their eyes with their hands, clench their fists in fear.
Goya wrote The Execution as an anti-war protest. The artist, by all possible visual means, tried to expose the inconceivable cruelty of the puppets of power. He hopes that the viewer, looking at the picture, will think about the horrors of war and curse this monstrous inhuman action.
Still Life With Drapery