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Pete Mondrian was born in Amersfoort (Holland) in 1872, whose father was a drawing teacher. The father wanted his son to follow his steps, however, Pete Mondrian decides to leave the teaching as a drawing teacher and devote his time to dreaming of becoming a great artist.
In his early works, he gradually selects naturalistic painting, and inspired by the work of artists such as Vincent Van Gogh or Edward Munch, his paintings are radically changing from naturalism closer to expressionism.
In 1911, he went to Paris, where he would follow the Cuban movement, although he soon realized that this movement could not respond to his art. It was at this moment, starting from a naturalistic point of view, that it began to abstract from forms until his works became almost unrecognizable, for example, like his work The Gray Tree of 1912.
The artist returns to Holland in 1914, and because of World War I, he cannot return to Paris and continues to work there to simplify forms until they are reduced to vertical and horizontal black lines.
Behind this simplification of forms will be their Theosophical beliefs, attaching great importance to geometry, in which the vertical will be the male principle, and the horizontal will be the female principle.
Since 1917, has been experimenting with color and square, rectangular shapes, so little by little he improves his technique. After several experiments, the initial symmetry will be replaced by asymmetry by introducing rectangles of different sizes and reducing the color to three primary (blue, red and yellow) and three non-color (white, black and gray). The use of primary colors in the work will demonstrate theosophy. The drawing of the object was turned into a mixture of curved and straight lines, where more than a description of the tree, Mondrian makes a graphic reflection of its reality.
On Valaam Island